The Board Meet­ing of the Pana­ma City-Bay Coun­ty Air­port and Indus­tri­al Dis­trict was called to order at 9:00 a.m., April 24, 2019 by Chair­man Lee.

The Invo­ca­tion was giv­en by Mr. Russ Mathis.

The Pledge of Alle­giance was led by Chair­man Lee.

The Exec­u­tive Sec­re­tary called the roll and indi­cat­ed all the Board mem­bers were present.

Mr. Nel­son made a motion to approve the Amend­ed Agen­da. Mr. Math­is sec­ond­ed the motion. The vote was tak­en and the motion passed unanimously.


Mr. Park­er McClel­lan pre­sent­ed and reviewed the Activ­i­ty Reports and dis­cus­sion ensued. Ms. Dar­lene Nel­son pre­sent­ed and reviewed the Finan­cial Reports and dis­cus­sion ensued. Con­sent Agenda:

a. Board Meet­ing Min­utes – March 272019

This item pro­vides for Board approval of the March 27, 2019 Board Meet­ing Minutes.

b. Approve Lease Assign­ment of Hangar 10 – Con­ti­nen­tal Pacif­ic, LLC to Flori­da Hangar, LLC

This item pro­vides for Board approval of the assign­ment of the Lease Agree­ment between Con­ti­nen­tal Pacif­ic, LLC and the Pana­ma City-Bay Coun­ty Air­port and Indus­tri­al Dis­trict (Dis­trict) to Flori­da Hangar, LLC.

c. Approve Con­ti­nen­tal Pacif­ic LLC’s Sec­ond Land Lease

This item pro­vides for Board approval of a Land Lease between the Dis­trict and Con­ti­nen­tal Pacif­ic, LLC. No rent will be col­lect­ed until the Cer­tifi­cate of Occu­pan­cy is received; the Lease term is 30 years; Rents will be cal­cu­lat­ed at the rate of $.35 per square foot per year, with an annu­al adjust­ment based on the CPI; proof of gen­er­al lia­bil­i­ty, casu­al­ty and auto­mo­bile insur­ance is required with Dis­trict named as an addi­tion­al insured; and the Area leased will be approx­i­mate­ly 36,244 square feet, to be con­firmed by sur­vey. Month­ly rev­enue gen­er­at­ed would be approx­i­mate­ly $1,057.00 ($12,684.00 annually).

d. Approve Trav­el Pol­i­cy Update

This item pro­vides for Board approval of a pol­i­cy change regard­ing the Trav­el Pol­i­cy. The cur­rent Pol­i­cy 3.9 – Trav­el was last updat­ed and approved by the Board effec­tive March 1, 2015. The cur­rent pol­i­cy is in need of updat­ing to com­ply with Flori­da State Statute Chap­ter 112.061 and to pro­vide for reim­burse­ment accord­ing to the Unit­ed States Gen­er­al Ser­vices Admin­is­tra­tion (www​.gsa​.gov) per diem rates.

e. Accept Bid for Street Light LED Con­ver­sion – Ener­gy Har­ness Cor­po­ra­tion, Cape Coral, FL

This item pro­vides for Board approval for a project to con­vert the Airport’s street light and park­ing lot fix­tures from high pres­sure sodi­um and met­al halide to LED fix­tures. Recent devel­op­ment of LED tech­nol­o­gy is to the point where the con­ver­sion of tra­di­tion­al high pres­sure sodi­um and met­al halide street light and park­ing lot fix­tures to LED is both eco­nom­i­cal and aes­thet­i­cal­ly ben­e­fi­cial. This project will con­vert 131 street light (West Bay Parkway/​Johnny Reaver Road) and 96 park­ing lot fix­tures to LED fix­tures. It is antic­i­pat­ed that with this con­ver­sion the Air­port will real­ize both a sig­nif­i­cant ener­gy sav­ings, and a sig­nif­i­cant reduc­tion in main­te­nance costs.

An Invi­ta­tion to Bid” for the Street Light LED Con­ver­sion” was pub­li­cal­ly adver­tised with bids opened on April 9, 2019. Three sealed, respon­sive bids were received and Staff rec­om­mend­ed the bid from Ener­gy Har­ness Corp. in the amount of $214,647.33. The pur­chase is part of an exist­ing State of Flori­da Joint Par­tic­i­pa­tion Agree­ment in which fifty (50) per­cent of the pur­chase amount will be reim­bursed to the Airport.

f. Accept PTGA – Emer­gency Back­up Pow­er for Fuel­ing Facil­i­ties and Adopt Resolution

This item pro­vides for the accep­tance of a Flori­da Depart­ment of Trans­porta­tion (FDOT) Pub­lic Trans­porta­tion Grant Agree­ment (PTGA) that will pro­vide fund­ing for emer­gency back­up pow­er gen­er­a­tor equip­ment for the fuel­ing facil­i­ties locat­ed on the Air­port. Fol­low­ing Hur­ri­cane Michael” in Octo­ber 2018, FDOT iden­ti­fied a need to help pro­vide for emer­gency pow­er gen­er­a­tion capa­bil­i­ties on air­port fuel­ing facil­i­ties. The Air­port owns fuel­ing facil­i­ties at three loca­tions. Sep­a­rate fuel­ing facil­i­ties are locat­ed at the Avi­a­tion Fuel Farm, Air­port Main­te­nance Facil­i­ty, and the Rental Car Facil­i­ty. These fuel­ing facil­i­ties cur­rent­ly do not have back up power.

The Flori­da Depart­ment of Trans­porta­tion (FDOT) is pro­vid­ing a grant to allow for the pur­chase and instal­la­tion of a stand­alone diesel gen­er­a­tor sys­tem at each fuel­ing facil­i­ty. The grant amount is $100,000 and is to be used in con­junc­tion with Dis­trict funds. The total esti­mat­ed bud­get for the project is $200,000. The pur­chase is part of an exist­ing State of Flori­da Joint Par­tic­i­pa­tion Agree­ment in which fifty (50) per­cent of the pur­chase amount will be reim­bursed to the Airport.

g. Accept Bid for Unin­ter­rupt­ed Pow­er Sup­ply (UPS) – PC Solu­tions & Inte­gra­tion, Inc. (PCS)

This item pro­vides for Board approval for the pur­chase of a replace­ment Unin­ter­rupt­ed Pow­er Sup­ply sys­tem to include bat­tery units, com­mu­ni­ca­tion cards, and mon­i­tor­ing soft­ware. The Air­port main­tains a sophis­ti­cat­ed, air­port-wide, con­nec­tiv­i­ty net­work that sup­ports all ten­ants of the facil­i­ty. The net­work con­sists of, among oth­ers, many com­put­er serv­er, switch, and com­mu­ni­ca­tion com­po­nents that require con­tin­u­ous, con­di­tioned pow­er sup­plies that must be backed up via bat­tery. This pur­chase is to replace the cur­rent bat­tery back­up sys­tem which has reached the end of use­ful life. Most of the com­po­nents are no longer sup­port­ed by the man­u­fac­tur­er and reli­a­bil­i­ty can­not be rea­son­ably assured.

An Invi­ta­tion to Bid” for the UPS Replacement/​Upgrade” project was pub­li­cal­ly adver­tised with bids opened on April 18, 2019. One sealed, respon­sive bid was received in the amount of $61,287.45. The pur­chase is part of an exist­ing State of Flori­da Joint Par­tic­i­pa­tion Agree­ment in which fifty (50) per­cent of the pur­chase amount will be reim­bursed to the Airport.

h. Approve Bud­get Increase for Respect of Florida

This item presents for Board approval an increase to Respect of Florida’s approved bud­get for jan­i­to­r­i­al ser­vices for FY19. In the FY19 bud­get process, Respect of Flori­da was grant­ed an annu­al increase based on actu­al costs incurred over FY18 as a result of increased pas­sen­ger traf­fic and employ­ee costs.

Recent­ly, the Air­port request­ed an increase in the sum­mer sea­son staffing to accom­mo­date the addi­tion­al pas­sen­ger traf­fic expect­ed on recent­ly released air­line sched­ules, which exceeds pas­sen­ger counts pro­vid­ed by the air­lines in the bud­get­ing process for FY19. Respect has sub­mit­ted a request for a sup­ple­men­tary bud­get increase due to this addi­tion­al staffing.

The request­ed addi­tion­al fees include increased staffing costs for four sea­son­al sum­mer peak peri­ods. These costs will be invoiced to the Air­port for the actu­al expen­di­tures accu­mu­lat­ed at the end of the four peri­ods. The esti­mat­ed increased labor costs equal 106 hours per week at a cost of $5,213.67 per peri­od. The total request for the addi­tion­al labor cost is $20,854.68.

Ms. Sims made a motion to accept the Con­sent Agen­da, and Mr. John­son sec­ond­ed the motion. The vote was tak­en and the motion passed unanimously.

Busi­ness Items:

a. Accept Bid for Restroom Floor­ing – Pro-Floors Plus

This item pro­vides for the accep­tance of a bid from Pro-Floors Plus for the appli­ca­tion of a ure­thane cement floor­ing sys­tem to three sets of pub­lic restrooms locat­ed in the Ter­mi­nal Build­ing. Since the Airport’s open­ing in 2010, the Ter­mi­nal Build­ing has accu­mu­lat­ed grease, grime and sig­nif­i­cant stain­ing on exist­ing floor sur­faces in the Ter­mi­nal Build­ing Pub­lic Restrooms. In order to main­tain high stan­dards of appear­ance and clean­li­ness, Staff is rec­om­mend­ing appli­ca­tion of a durable ure­thane cement floor­ing. Due to the spe­cial­ized nature of this process, Staff has deter­mined that it is pru­dent and nec­es­sary to acquire pro­fes­sion­al ser­vices to com­plete this task. In accor­dance with Air­port pur­chas­ing pol­i­cy this project will be pur­chased and com­plet­ed under Okaloosa Coun­ty School Dis­trict Con­tract #10-B4 for Epoxy Floor­ing (expi­ra­tion date 9/14/19).

Mr. Richard McConnell pre­sent­ed to the Board a full descrip­tion of the prod­uct and planned timeline.

Ms. Sims made a motion to accept the Bid for Restroom Floor­ing, and Vice Chair­man McDon­ald sec­ond­ed the motion. The vote was tak­en and the motion passed unanimously.

b. Approve DBE/ACDBE Con­sult­ing Ser­vices Pro­pos­al – Taffy Pip­pen Con­sult­ing, LLC

This item presents for Board approval an Agree­ment for pro­fes­sion­al ser­vices between the Pana­ma City-Bay Coun­ty Air­port and Indus­tri­al Dis­trict and Taffy Pip­pen Con­sult­ing, LLC for Dis­ad­van­taged Busi­ness Enterprise/​Airport Con­ces­sions Dis­ad­van­taged Busi­ness Enter­prise (DBE/ACDBE) Con­sult­ing Ser­vices. As a recip­i­ent of grant funds from the Fed­er­al Avi­a­tion Admin­is­tra­tion (FAA) and the Flori­da Depart­ment of Trans­porta­tion (FDOT), the Air­port has spe­cial grant assur­ances it is required to meet as list­ed in grant agree­ments. These assur­ances require that the Air­port set annu­al goals relat­ed to its DBE/ACDBE pro­grams and report­ing and that it must file and report its goals and the results of the achieve­ment of the goals. The Dis­trict received two qual­i­fied pro­pos­als in response to the RFP.

The total pro­posed fee for the imme­di­ate ser­vices in the amount of $28,000 and an hourly fee of $104 for addi­tion­al ser­vices, may include annu­al updates and prepa­ra­tion of future required reports. Any future ser­vices will be sub­ject to the Airport’s approved Pur­chas­ing Pol­i­cy. Staff is rec­om­mend­ing a one-year con­tract with four addi­tion­al one-year exten­sions at the dis­cre­tion of the Airport.

Ms. Dar­lene Nel­son pre­sent­ed to the Board an expla­na­tion of the RFP process and clar­i­fied Board questions.

Mr. Tusa made a motion to approve the DBE/ACDBE Con­sult­ing Ser­vices Pro­pos­al, and Mr. Math­is sec­ond­ed the motion. The vote was tak­en and the motion passed unanimously

c. Accept RFP for Com­pen­sa­tion Plan Sur­vey – Ever­green Solu­tions, LLC

This item presents for Board approval an Agree­ment for pro­fes­sion­al ser­vices between the Pana­ma City-Bay Coun­ty Air­port and Indus­tri­al Dis­trict and Ever­green Solu­tions, LLC for a Com­pen­sa­tion Plan Sur­vey. In the

FY19 bud­get process, an infor­mal sur­vey was com­plet­ed by Staff regard­ing the cur­rent com­pen­sa­tion plan offered by the Air­port. The results of this infor­mal sur­vey reflect­ed that adjust­ments to pay lev­els may be need­ed. At the FY19 Bud­get Work­shop, the Board request­ed Staff hire a pro­fes­sion­al firm to per­form a salary survey.

Staff pre­pared a Request for Pro­pos­als for a Com­pen­sa­tion Plan Sur­vey with a due date of April 10, 2019. The Dis­trict received four qual­i­fied respons­es to the RFP. Ever­green Solu­tions, LLC has includ­ed in its RFP response a pro­posed fee of $29,500 and a com­ple­tion date of July 302019.

Ms. Dar­lene Nel­son pre­sent­ed to the Board an expla­na­tion of the RFP process lead­ing to the Staff recommendation.

Ms. Sims made a motion to approve the Com­pen­sa­tion Plan Sur­vey Pro­pos­al, and Mr. John­son sec­ond­ed the motion. The vote was tak­en and the motion passed unanimously.

d. Update – Mas­ter Plan Update (for infor­ma­tion only)

Mr. Paul Puck­li of CHA informed the Board of the Mas­ter Plan updates, stat­ing that the Ten­ants and Users (Air­lines, Hy’s Tog­gery and First Class Con­ces­sions, the Rental Car Agen­cies, Repub­lic Park­ing, Men­zies Avi­a­tion, RVA Aviation/​ATC, Sheltair, TSA, Air­port Main­te­nance, Police and Fire) have been inter­viewed. Mr. Puck­li added that the Plan­ning Advi­so­ry Com­mit­tee (PAC) met yes­ter­day; a detailed inven­to­ry of the exist­ing ter­mi­nal facil­i­ties has been done; data has been col­lect­ed on util­i­ties, park­ing and access, and an analy­sis is under­way; the AGIS (Air­ports Geo­graph­ic Infor­ma­tion Sys­tem) has been uploaded into the FAA sys­tem (aer­i­al imagery, sur­vey and basemap); and the inven­to­ry report is being assem­bled into a Work­ing Paper to be sub­mit­ted to the Advi­so­ry Com­mit­tee and ECP Board.

Ms. Sims asked why the Board wasn’t invit­ed to the PAC meet­ing, and Mr. Puck­li respond­ed that it was intro­duc­to­ry in nature, and in addi­tion to the Ten­ants and Users, Air­port stake­hold­ers, com­mu­ni­ty lead­ers, region­al plan­ners, and com­mu­ni­ty rep­re­sen­ta­tives, Vis­it Flori­da and the Bay Coun­ty Eco­nom­ic Devel­op­ment Alliance rep­re­sen­ta­tives were also present. Mr. McClel­lan added that there will be a Work­shop for the Board once we get into the alter­na­tive devel­op­ment stage, and that we are only col­lect­ing data right now.

Vice Chair­man McDon­ald expressed his con­cern that Fore­casts might not ful­ly include unprece­dent­ed present and future pas­sen­ger growth, and Mr. Puck­li explained to the Board that the FAA per­forms annu­al Ter­mi­nal Fore­casts that need to be approved before we can move on with our plan­ning process­es. He said we need to stay with­in 10% of their fore­casts (and 15% fur­ther out), and if it is above or below that, we need to jus­ti­fy why. The Pas­sen­ger Activ­i­ty Lev­el (PAL) Fore­casts allow for plan­ning what to do when the enplane­ments reach 600,000 or 700,000 in a year so that we know what is next in line depend­ing on our lev­el of activity.

This item was for infor­ma­tion­al pur­pos­es only, and after Board dis­cus­sion, required no for­mal Board action.

e. Update – State Road 388 Con­struc­tion (for infor­ma­tion only)

Mr. McClel­lan addressed the Board inform­ing them that work will be done at the Air­port Entrance between now and August, and in August the Air­port will receive an offi­cial request to take down the Entrance mon­u­ment sign (giv­ing us the chance to repair the bul­let hole in it which occurred dur­ing the hur­ri­cane); in Sep­tem­ber after our sea­son starts to wind down – we asked Supe­ri­or, the con­trac­tor, to wait until then – the sur­charg­ing will begin.

Mr. McClel­lan explained to the Board that a 15-foot-high pile of clay (sur­charge) will be pushed down into the wet soil to remove water, a process that will take approx­i­mate­ly six months. The Air­port Entrance will be down to one lane in, and one lane out – hav­ing a sig­nif­i­cant impact on traf­fic. The con­trac­tor will be get­ting the word out to the trav­el­ling pub­lic with addi­tion­al sig­nage, as well as FDOT’s dig­i­tal sig­nage and cur­rent fly­ers, ECP web­site and social media alerts, and sig­nage in place. Speed lim­its may also decrease to 35 mph at the Entrance.

This item was for infor­ma­tion­al pur­pos­es only, and after Board dis­cus­sion, required no for­mal Board action.

f. Update – Non-based Crew Park­ing (for infor­ma­tion only)

Mr. McClel­lan informed the Board that due to the increase in demand for addi­tion­al pub­lic park­ing, our non- based crew mem­bers (approx­i­mate­ly 200 pilots and flight atten­dants that live here but aren’t based here) will be moved from the Long-Term Park­ing Lot to the Employ­ee Park­ing Lot, and will be offered an incen­tive (dis­count) if they pay for more than three months at a time. Mr. McClel­lan added that they already receive a sub­stan­tial­ly reduced park­ing rate, which will con­tin­ue once the new pro­ce­dure is in effect – approx­i­mate­ly a 60-day tran­si­tion. The new pol­i­cy will make sure that only active crew mem­bers are tak­ing advan­tage of the pro­gram, and not those who are retired.

This item was for infor­ma­tion­al pur­pos­es only, and after Board dis­cus­sion, required no for­mal Board action.

The Bay EDA Update:

Ms. Bec­ca Hardin, Pres­i­dent of Bay EDA, informed the Board that April has been very busy, and encour­aged every­one to check out the new 60,000-square-foot Specla­tive build­ing going up at Ven­ture Cross­ings. She said a media event is sched­uled for May 2 to com­mu­ni­cate its upcom­ing avail­abil­i­ty, and that the 10,000-square-foot sec­tions will be great for small­er avi­a­tion com­pa­nies as she, V.P. Gar­rett Wright, and Mr. McClel­lan found out dur­ing meet­ings with 17 small com­pa­nies while attend­ing the annu­al MRO Amer­i­ca Show in Atlanta.

Ms. Hardin con­tin­ued that ear­li­er this month she and Mr. McClel­lan showed a sub­stan­tial prospect (a large, after- mar­ket man­u­fac­tur­ing com­pa­ny need­ing a 150,000200,000 square-foot facil­i­ty, cre­at­ing 200 jobs and about a

$20 mil­lion cap­i­tal invest­ment) sites here at the Air­port, and added that the prospect will be send­ing their pres­i­dent and exec­u­tive team for a vis­it in June.

Ms. Hardin informed the Board that next week, the exec­u­tive man­age­ment from an R&D (Research & Devel­op­ment) avi­a­tion-relat­ed com­pa­ny will come from the U.K. for a vis­it. This project has been named Project Gold,” and could poten­tial­ly cre­ate 300 jobs, the major­i­ty of which would be engi­neer­ing jobs with six fig­ure salaries. Their tour will start in Tal­la­has­see at Flori­da State University’s Aero­nau­tic Engi­neer­ing pro­gram, to pos­si­bly part­ner with them and bring pro­grams to FSU Pana­ma City. They will con­tin­ue their tour in Pana­ma City at the college’s Advanced Tech­nol­o­gy Cen­ter to look at the poten­tial for an inno­va­tion research cen­ter for avi­a­tion advanced manufacturing.

Ms. Hardin con­tin­ued to inform the Board about Project Mas­ter­mind” – 4 MRO projects and 1 R&D project – may be inter­est­ed in sites at the Airport’s 4,000 acres and/​or Ven­ture Cross­ings, and we should know if we made the cut going into June.

Anoth­er project in the works is asso­ci­at­ed with paint and repair – Project Gator” – and could pro­vide 144 jobs. They will be vis­it­ing in mid-May.

In addi­tion, Ms. Hardin report­ed she already has appoint­ments sched­uled for the mid-June Paris Air Show to meet with inter­est­ed prospects, many of which have been com­ing in for visits.

Ms. Sims said that the site selec­tor con­sul­tants at the sym­po­sium were very impressed with Pana­ma City’s trans­porta­tion infra­struc­ture – from the Port to the Air­port – and how robust the oppor­tu­ni­ties are and how resilient we’ve been since the hur­ri­cane and that we need to keep align­ing our region­al and inter­na­tion­al exter­nal com­mu­ni­ca­tions so as not to sac­ri­fice the atten­tion need­ed by the state and fed­er­al leg­is­la­ture to get fund­ing, but also not to deter the attrac­tion to our com­mu­ni­ty for sustainability.

Mr. Franklin Har­ri­son asked how the Bay EDA is over­com­ing ques­tions that arise con­cern­ing lack of hous­ing and work­ers since the hur­ri­cane, and Ms. Hardin said that all the projects they’re work­ing on are build-to-suit and will take at least a year to 18 months to build a facil­i­ty. She said that St. Joe cur­rent­ly has 35 con­struc­tion projects going, D.R. Hor­ton has projects going, build­ings are going to be new­er and being built to code – in the City Manager’s words, big­ger, bet­ter, stronger” – and that Bay EDA is busier than ever.

Vis­it Florida’s Car­ol Roberts approached the Board explain­ing that inquiries from com­mer­cial devel­op­ers are up since the storm and there are now pad-ready sites for a fresh, new look for our com­mu­ni­ty to com­pete with oth­er mar­kets. Ms. Roberts asked every­one, espe­cial­ly ECP, to make phone calls and send emails to our leg­is­la­ture in Tal­la­has­see (now in bud­get con­fer­ence) let­ting them, and the world, know that Bay Coun­ty, and the entire State of Flori­da is open for busi­ness. And, to remind them of all the chal­lenges we’ve faced and endured (oil spill, red tide, mul­ti­ple storms in a short peri­od of time), that they need to ful­ly fund our tourism effort and draw our tourists back for eco­nom­ic devel­op­ment, and to keep Vis­it Flori­da and Enter­prise Flori­da, Inc. alive to recruit new busi­ness­es, jobs, and tourists, and help build our Airport.

The Moore Agency Update:

Ms. Katie Spill­man of The Moore Agency report­ed that dur­ing the month of March, the Agency cre­at­ed new paid con­tent, opti­mized paid adver­tis­ing, and refreshed cre­ative to pre­pare for the launch of ECP’s 2nd paid cam­paign ad bursts, and refreshed the print adver­tis­ing that ran in The News Her­ald. Ms. Spill­man report­ed that paid search ads on Google and Bing were the only adver­tise­ments that ran online. Cost per click stayed at $0.55 aver­age (where we want to be), and achieved more than 3,200 clicks through the adver­tise­ment which con­vert­ed into 434 air­line web­site clicks to poten­tial­ly book. Ms. Spill­man informed the Board that we’ve already achieved almost halfway to our goals on our Dash­board, and have already sur­passed our goal for local pub­li­ca­tion reach.

Ms. Spill­man described the four updat­ed dig­i­tal ads for Face­book, and news­pa­per spadea cov­er wrap. The Moore Agency also designed art­work for the FAC Lega­cy Book, illus­trat­ing ECP high­lights on a time­line since 2007; and they also designed art­work for the FAC 50th anniver­sary con­fer­ence pro­gram cov­er con­test, list­ing the three let­ter air­port codes for all the air­ports in the State of Florida.

Exec­u­tive Direc­tor Report:

Mr. McClel­lan informed the Board that June 8 starts off Super Sum­mer Week­ends with increased flights: Southwest’s 18 flights on Sat­ur­days; Delta’s sev­en flights lat­er in the month; and American’s Dal­las and Chica­go flights.

Mr. McClel­lan added that the 737 Max (which has been in the news) is sched­uled in and out of our Air­port. He con­tin­ued that there may be a spe­cial meet­ing in May to make deci­sions on sev­er­al con­struc­tion projects, and he asked the atten­dees to rec­og­nize Board Sec­re­tary Kathy Gilmore on this Admin­is­tra­tive Pro­fes­sion­als Day.

Pub­lic Comments:

There were no pub­lic comments.


The meet­ing was adjourned at approx­i­mate­ly 10:17 a.m.

Kathy Gilmore, Exec­u­tive Sec­re­tary Del Lee, Chairman